In this book, we present three projects - UCA (University of Central Asia, Naryn Campus), MM(project MURAYAMA), HUA (Ho Chi Minh City University of Architecture) that are currently in progress in places where the culture and climate happen to be very different.

Common to all three is an expansive lot. And regardless of the length of our involvement, all of the projects are now underway.

In repeatedly visiting the sites, one thing we realozed was that in one way or another that were all still in the process of being "cultivated" while in the past, we might have used the word "developed". What exactly, then, is the differene between "cultivating" and "developing"?

Kazuhiro Kojima + Kazuko Akamatsu